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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 75 No. 4, p. 1347-1353
     
    Received: Nov 29, 2010
    Published: July, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): Sabine.Goldberg@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2010.0439

Distinguishing Boron Desorption from Mineral Dissolution in Arid-Zone Soils

  1. Sabine Goldberg * and
  2. Donald L. Suarez
  1. USDA-ARS, U.S. Salinity Lab., 450 W. Big Springs Rd., Riverside, CA 92507

Abstract

Boron release from six arid-zone soil samples from the San Joaquin Valley of California was investigated as a function of reaction time, solution pH, and suspension density. A multiple batch extraction experiment was performed for 362 d to distinguish B desorption from B released from mineral dissolution. Amounts of B released decreased rapidly and reached a low constant value after about 6 mo of reaction time. Slopes of the B release curves for the last eight extractions approached zero (constant release rate), indicating that this B release was from mineral dissolution. We also did a shorter term experiment that contained added Mg and silicate in solution. These experiments were conducted to evaluate the contribution of B release from dissolution of B-containing Mg silicate minerals. We determined that most of the B released from the soils can be attributed to release from sorption sites rather than resulting from dissolution of B-containing Mg silicates. Various B soil tests were evaluated for their ability to measure native extractable adsorbed B. The diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)–sorbitol extract was the best measure of available adsorbed B but still only extracted 48% of the amount of B released in the long-term experiment. The greatest amount of B was extracted at the lowest suspension density for DTPA–sorbitol (92%) and phosphate buffer pH 6.6 (95%). These extractants are recommended for quantifying native extractable adsorbed B, which must be considered in application of chemical speciation transport models to describe B movement in soils. Incorporation of our results will allow improved predictions of soil solution B concentrations under diverse agricultural and environmental conditions.

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Copyright © 2011. Copyright © by the Soil Science Society of America, Inc.