Soil Carbon and Phosphorus Pools in Field Crop Rotations in Pampean Soils of Argentina
- Ignacio A. Ciampitti *ab,
- Fernando O. Garcíaa,
- Liliana I. Piconec and
- Gerardo Rubiod
- a IPNI Latin American Southern Cone Av. Santa Fe 910 B1641ABO, Acassuso Buenos Aires, Argentina
b currently at Agronomy Dep. Purdue Univ. 915 West State Street West Lafayette, IN 47907-2054
c FCA-INTA Balcarce National Univ. of Mar del Plata CC 276 7620 Balcarce Buenos Aires, Argentina
d Agricultural College and INBA Univ. of Buenos Aires Av. San Martin 4453 C1417DSE Buenos Aires, Argentina
In temperate cropping systems, a better understanding of soil C and P transformations is pertinent to evaluate crop management consequences in the medium term. Six-year cropping systems experiments consisting of corn (Zea mays L.)–double-cropped wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)/soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] (two sites) and corn–soybean–double-cropped wheat/soybean (two sites), with (Fp) or without P added (Wp), were evaluated in the Pampean soils of Argentina. The objectives were (i) to quantify the effects of continuous P fertilization on the size and vertical distribution of C and P in total organic C (TOC) and particulate organic matter (POM) fractions and (ii) to evaluate the POM-P fraction as a potential indicator of crop P availability. Annually, an average P rate of 34 kg P ha−1 was applied in Fp plots. The TOC, total P (TP), POM-C, and POM-P were measured in the 0- to 5-, 5- to 10-, and 10- to 20-cm soil depths at the end of the 6-yr period. Phosphorus fertilization increased TOC from 0.5 to 2.5 g C kg−1 and TP from 24.1 to 77.4 mg P kg−1 in the 0- to 20-cm depth. The POM-C and POM-P fractions were more sensitive than TOC or TP to P fertilization, increasing by 14 and 47%, respectively, in the 0- to 20-cm depth under continuous P addition. The greatest differences in POM-C and POM-P among treatments occurred in the surface soil layer. A significant relationship was found between POM-P and corn P uptake at anthesis.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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