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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 74 No. 2, p. 429-435
     
    Received: Feb 24, 2009
    Published: Mar, 2010


    * Corresponding author(s): karamat.sistani@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2009.0076

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Swine Effluent Applied to Soil by Different Methods

  1. K. R. Sistani *a,
  2. J. G. Warrenb,
  3. N. Lovanhc,
  4. S. Higginsd and
  5. S. Shearerd
  1. a USDA-ARS, Animal Waste Management Research Unit, 230 Bennett Lane, Bowling Green, KY 42104
    b Dep. of Plant and Soil Science, Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK 74078
    c USDA-ARS, Animal Waste Management Research Unit, 230 Bennett Lane, Bowling Green, KY 42104
    d Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546

Abstract

Greenhouse gas (CO2, CH4, and N2O) emissions were measured in a field experiment evaluating preplant swine effluent application methods for no-till corn (Zea mays L.) grain production. The treatments included a control, an inorganic fertilizer treatment receiving 179 kg N ha−1 as urea–NH4NO3 (UAN), and three effluent application methods that received a target rate of 200 kg N ha−1 The effluent treatments included surface application, direct injection, and application in combination with soil aeration. Gas emission measurements were initiated after application and collected throughout the 2007 and 2008 growing seasons using a vented chamber technique. There were no significant differences in CO2 losses, which averaged 738 and 718 g CO2 m−2 in 2007 and 2008, respectively. Placement of effluent below the soil surface by injection or aeration resulted in elevated CH4 emissions compared with the control. Injection emitted significantly more CH4 than surface applications, with emissions of 0.26 and 0.80 g CH4 m−2 from the injection treatments in 2007 and 2008, respectively. In 2007, N2O emissions were similar for the UAN, surface effluent, and aeration effluent treatments, emitting an average of 0.72 g N2O m−2 In contrast, the injection treatment emitted 0.47 g N2O m−2 In 2008, this trend was reversed, with the injection treatment emitting 0.82 g N2O m−2 and the remaining N source treatments emitting an average of 0.36 g N2O m−2 These differences between years probably resulted from differences in rainfall distribution. These results demonstrate that climatic conditions and application method need consideration when evaluating the impact of liquid manure management on greenhouse gas emissions.

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