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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 73 No. 4, p. 1305-1312
     
    Received: Apr 16, 2008
    Published: July, 2009


    * Corresponding author(s): Rogerio.Cichota@agresearch.co.nz
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2008.0129

Parameter Estimation of an Adsorption Model for Describing Ion-Pair Adsorption

  1. Rogerio Cichota *a,
  2. Iris Vogelera,
  3. Nanthi S. Bolanb and
  4. Brent E. Clothierc
  1. a AgResearch, Grasslands Research Centre, Private Bag 11008, Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand
    b Univ. of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Campus, SA 5095, Australia
    c Plant and Food Research, Fitzherbert Science Center, Private Bag 11600, Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand

Abstract

The simultaneous retention of both cations and anions due to ion-pair adsorption (IPA) has been identified in several soils. The mechanism controlling IPA is not yet understood, however, and the mathematical description of this phenomenon is only incipient. In this study, a parameterization analysis was performed using a recently proposed adsorption model that considers the occurrence of IPA. The model, which has two alternative approaches to describe IPA, has been shown in a previous study to describe experimental data reasonably well. That analysis was incomplete, however, as the parameter uncertainties were not estimated. In this study, with the parameterization procedure using the maximum-likelihood method, a robust estimation of the model parameters, including the analysis of their uncertainties, was developed. The model was fitted to a data set obtained in batch experiments using the variable-charge Egmont soil, from New Zealand, and a comprehensive combination of SO4 and Ca concentrations. This procedure allowed the analysis of some of the underlying model characteristics and also some inferences about the IPA phenomenon. Overall, it was shown that the proposed adsorption model is a useful tool for the modeling of solutes in soils where IPA occurs.

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Copyright © 2009. Soil Science SocietySoil Science Society of America