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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 73 No. 4, p. 1150-1156
     
    Received: Aug 15, 2008
    Published: July, 2009


    * Corresponding author(s): shenqirong@njau.edu.cn
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2008.0266

Influence of Root Exudates of Watermelon on Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum

  1. Hong-sheng Wuabc,
  2. Dong-yang Liuab,
  3. Ning Lingab,
  4. Wei Baoab,
  5. Rong-rong Yingab and
  6. Qi-rong Shen *ab
  1. a College of Resources and Environ. Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural Univ., Nanjing, 210095 China
    b Jiangsu Key Lab. for Solid Organic Waste Utilization, Nanjing, 210095 China
    c Nanjing Univ. of Information Sci. and Technol., Nanjing 210044 China

Abstract

Watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. lanatus] production in the same field without rotation of crops leads to disease buildup and poor yields. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influences of root exudates produced by watermelon cultivars susceptible or resistant to the pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum (FON). At low concentrations of root exudates (<50 mg L−1), the susceptible cultivar stimulated the growth of FON but the resistant cultivars inhibited FON at high concentration (200 mg L−1). Mycotoxin production was increased more in the presence of exudates from susceptible than resistant cultivars and after flowering than before flowering. Activities of enzymes (protease, pectinase, cellulose, and amylase) were stimulated more in resistant than susceptible cultivars by FON. Also, there were higher ratios of antifungal phenolic acids (p-hydroxybenzoic, phthalic, gallic, coumaric, cinnamic, ferulic, salicylic, and sinamic acids) to fungus-stimulating phenolic acids (vanillic and syringic acids) in resistant cultivars than in susceptible ones both before and after flowering. Breeding of resistant cultivars containing more antifungal agents is a strategy that, if pursued, could lead to a reduction in the occurrence of watermelon wilt disease, especially when rotation of crops is not possible.

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