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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 71 No. 3, p. 860-865
     
    Received: Dec 26, 2005
    Published: May, 2007


    * Corresponding author(s): lazarovi@bgu.ac.il
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2005.0420

Uniqueness of Soil Hydraulic Parameters Determined by a Combined Wooding Inverse Approach

  1. N. Lazarovitch *a,
  2. A. Ben-Galb,
  3. J. Šimůnekc and
  4. U. Shanid
  1. a The Wyler Dep. of Dryland Agriculture Jacob Blaustein Inst. for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Sede Boqer, 84990 Israel
    b Inst. of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev, 85280 Israel
    c Dep. of Environmental Sciences Univ. of California–Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521
    d Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel

Abstract

Knowledge of soil hydraulic properties is essential for a proper understanding and evaluation of physical and chemical processes within the vadose zone involved in variably saturated water flow and transport of water-dissolved salts and pollutants. Soil hydraulic properties are often expressed using functional relationships between the soil hydraulic conductivity (K), water content (θ), and matric potential Ψ). Our objectives were (i) to combine the Wooding's analytical solution for steady-state infiltration from a circular pond and the inverse determination of parameters from transient infiltration events into a coupled method for the in situ estimation of soil hydraulic properties, and (ii) to develop a simple semiautomatic device for the in situ estimation of the soil hydraulic functions. The experimental method consists of measurements of transient (short-term) and steady-state (long-term) infiltration flow rates from a set of rings having different radii, each positioned sequentially at the same location on the soil surface. A shallow water depth is maintained within a 1- to 2-mm range over the soil surface with an electrode set. The flow rate is determined by continuous weighing of a water reservoir. The flow is monitored and controlled by a laptop computer, which also automatically calculates the soil hydraulic properties from collected data. The coupled method starts with the application of the Wooding's analytical solution to obtain estimates of the soil hydraulic properties using steady-state fluxes. These estimates are then finalized using numerical inversion of the transient data. The coupled method was evaluated using numerically generated data. Unique and fast reproduction of soil hydraulic properties for generated data was obtained. The method's applicability was also tested using field experiments for two soils. The technique was found to be sound and the device simple to operate.

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