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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 70 No. 6, p. 1932-1935
     
    Received: Jan 27, 2006
    Published: Nov, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): jhi@aragon.es
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2006.0043N

Refinement of the Differential Water Loss Method for Gypsum Determination in Soils

  1. O. Artiedaa,
  2. J. Herrero *b and
  3. P. J. Drohanc
  1. a Univ. of Extremadura, 10600 Plasencia, Cáceres, Spain
    b Soils and Irrigation Dep., Agri-Research Center of Aragon, P.O. Box 727, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain
    c Pine Lake Institute for Environmental and Sustainability Studies, Hartwick College, Oneonta, NY 13820-4020

Abstract

Determining the gypsum content in soil is lengthy and cumbersome using methods based on SO4 determination. Moreover, as these methods do not strictly titrate gypsum, inaccuracies can be produced by the presence of sulfate minerals other than gypsum. The thermogravimetric properties of gypsum, however, allow determination of its content in a rapid and easy way sufficiently accurate for many pedologic purposes. Our objective was to expand the lower limit of gypsum detection to make the test useful for soil classification and management. We have refined the differential water loss method by estimating the gypsum percentage from the loss of water in the soil sample between 70 and 90°C. Our results, compared with gravimetric determinations of precipitated BaSO4, found coefficients of determination of 0.98 for gypsum contents ranging from 2 to 50%, and 0.99 for contents >50%. The method is valid for gypsum contents >2% and thus improves previous estimation procedures.

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Copyright © 2006. Soil Science SocietySoil Science Society of America