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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 67 No. 2, p. 449-457
     
    Received: Oct 9, 2001
    Published: Mar, 2003


    * Corresponding author(s): shukla.9@osu.edu
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2003.4490

Effect of Water Flux on Solute Velocity and Dispersion

  1. M. K. Shukla *a,
  2. T. R. Ellsworthb,
  3. R. J. Hudsonb and
  4. D. R. Nielsenc
  1. a School of Natural Resources, The Ohio State Univ., 422A Kottman Hall, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210
    b Dep. of Natural Resources and Environmental Sci., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801
    c Dep. of Land and Water Resources, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616

Abstract

A systematic analysis of the effect of displacement length, soil texture, and steady state water flux (q) on solute transport was performed on saturated repacked loam and sandy loam soil columns to identify the simplest possible description that was consistent with the observations across all of the breakthrough curves (BTCs) for each data set. All 39 BTCs obtained from loam and 21 from sandy loam soils, with column lengths of 10, 20, and 30 cm, and a two-order magnitude variation in measured pore water velocity (v m), were fitted simultaneously and global estimates of parameters [dispersivity (λ) and molecular diffusion coefficient (D 0)] were obtained. We showed that a two-parameter global dispersion relationship (D = λv m + D 0, where D is the apparent diffusion coefficient) accurately represents the spreading process for all 39 loam soil BTCs (r 2 > 0.99), whereas a single global parameter (D = λv m) was all that was required for the sandy soil (r 2 > 0.98). The globally fitted λ was independent of displacement length and v m D remained independent of v m in the lower velocity ranges; however, a linear relationship between v m and fitted D was obtained for v m > 0.1 cm h−1 The results of this study illustrated the importance of molecular diffusion. In addition, we identified a nonlinear relationship between v m and average solute velocity (v s), which suggested that the anion exclusion volume decreased with increasing v m

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Copyright © 2003. Soil Science SocietyPublished in Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.67:449–457.

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