Spatially Explicit Treatment of Soil-Water Dynamics along a Semiarid Catena
- F. Chamrana,
- P. E. Gessler *b and
- O. A. Chadwickc
Volumetric soil-water depth profiles at nine sample locations on a 2-ha hillslope were monitored throughout the 1997-1998 El Niño and the 1998-1999 La Niña cycles. A hydrological model integrating the soil-water measurements with digital terrain analysis and a one-dimensional water balance model was developed to map dominant hydrological patterns of soil-water storage and lateral flow redistribution. Statistical correlations between hydrologic behavior and the compound topographic index (CTI) generated from a digital elevation model (DEM) were used to generate spatially distributed input parameters of initial water storage and soil-controlled evapotranspiration utilized in the model. The results suggest that differences in water storage and availability are highly modified by climatic conditions and local topography. Nearly three times higher than normal rainfall in the El Niño year caused deeper infiltration of water and led to significant subsurface water redistribution into the concave hillslope positions which remained moist throughout the 1998 summer. Water infiltration and distribution was diminished considerably in the drier than normal La Niña, and led to a complete dry-down in 1999. Actual evapotranspiration was 87% of total precipitation during the El Niño, compared with 100% in the subsequent La Niña. The good correlation between modeled and measured water storage shows that even a simple one-dimensional model combined with the appropriate input parameters is a suitable tool for estimating changes in soil-water content on hillslopes where lateral flow is a significant functional component of the soil hydrology.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
Copyright © 2002. Published in Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.66:1571–1583.