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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 58 No. 5, p. 1392-1399
     
    Received: Oct 12, 1993
    Published: Sept, 1994


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1994.03615995005800050016x

Kinetics of Zinc Desorption from Vertisols

  1. Y. P. Dang,
  2. R. C. Dalal ,
  3. D. G. Edwards and
  4. K. G. Tiller
  1. Queensland Wheat Research Inst., Toowoomba, QLD 4350
    Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072
    Division of Soils, CSIRO, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia

Abstract

Abstract

The rate of Zn desorption from soil surfaces into soil solution is a dynamic factor that regulates its continuous supply to growing plants. To ascertain the pattern of Zn desorption, the soil characteristics affecting it, and whether cropping alters its rate, the kinetics of Zn desorption from the <2-mm fraction of 14 Vertisols by diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) were investigated using soil samples taken before and after one wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop. Nine kinetic models were evaluated to describe the rate of desorption of soil Zn by DTPA, which was rapid initially but gradually declined with time. The parabolic double diffusion, the two-constant rate, and the simple Elovich equation adequately described Zn desorption from Vertisols. Rate constants for the parabolic double diffusion equation (k'σ), the two-constant (a and b) rate equation, and the initial Zn desorption rate constant (α) from the simple Elovich equation were closely associated with clay content, soil pH, and amorphous Fe and Al contents of the soil—the soil characteristics that affect solubility, sorption and desorption, and diffusion of Zn in Vertisols. Rate constants from the latter two equations for Zn desorption by DTPA from 14 Vertisols were highly correlated with those from Zn desorption by EDTA and also with those for Zn desorption by DTPA on soil samples taken after one wheat crop. Thus, the rate constants obtained on initial samples can be used to predict Zn availability for at least two cropping seasons.

Contribution from the Queensland Wheat Research Inst., Toowoomba, Australia.

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