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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 54 No. 5, p. 1337-1340
     
    Received: Aug 16, 1989
    Published: Sept, 1990


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400050022x

Characterization of Phosphorus Efficiencies of Two Winter Wheat Cultivars

  1. D. T. Gardiner  and
  2. N. W. Christensen
  1. College of Agriculture, Texas A&I Univ., Kingsville, TX 78363
    Dep. of Soil Science, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331

Abstract

Abstract

‘Stephens’ and ‘Yamhill’ winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars respond differently to P fertilization on low-P soils. The objective of this study was to determine the reason for greater P efficiency in Yamhill. The cultivars were grown in three growth-chamber experiments to describe response to a factorial combination of P levels and soil fumigation, and to compare root growth rates, root hair formation, and tissue P concentrations. Cultivars did not differ in root growth rate, total P uptake, or response to fumigation. Root hair length was affected by an interaction between cultivars and P concentrations in the growth medium. At the 2 µM P level, Yamhill had significantly (P = 0.05) longer root hairs than Stephens. Yamhill produced significantly greater shoot dry weight per unit of P taken up (0.20 g mg−1) than Stephens (0.17 g mg−1). The greater P efficiency of Yamhill was attributed to greater P-use efficiency rather than to differences in P uptake.

Oregon Agric. Exp. Stn. Technical Paper no. 8979.

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