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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 53 No. 5, p. 1347-1355
     
    Received: Apr 21, 1989
    Published: Sept, 1989


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1989.03615995005300050008x

On the Estimation of Cation Exchange Parameters from Column Displacement Experiments

  1. J. B. Kool ,
  2. J. C. Parker and
  3. L. W. Zelazny
  1. HydroGeoLogic, Inc., 503 Carlisle Drive, Suite 250, Herndon, VA 22070
    Soil and Environmental Sciences, Agronomy Dep., Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 24061

Abstract

Abstract

A procedure is presented for estimating cation exchange capacity (CEC) and exchange selectivity coefficients from miscible displacement experiments on undisturbed soil columns. The procedure provides an alternative to batch experiments and is applicable to scenarios involving either binary homovalent exchange or binary monodivalent exchange. Gapon's exchange equation is used in the latter case. Parameters are determined by nonlinear, least-squares inversion of column effluent concentration histories. The procedure requires that hydraulic flux and total solution normality be kept constant. It is also assumed that ion exchange takes place instantaneously. When this assumption is violated, it is still possible to obtain a good description of the observed data, but the parameter estimates may be meaningless. The feasibility of estimating the dispersion coefficient in the advection-dispersion equation along with the ion exchange parameters is evaluated. Results indicate that this is generally not possible for continuous injection experiments, but much better results are obtained for pulse injection experiments.

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