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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 49 No. 6, p. 1422-1426
     
    Received: Feb 4, 1985
    Published: Nov, 1985


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1985.03615995004900060018x

Ethylene Biosynthesis in Soil: II. Kinetics and Thermodynamics in the Conversion of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic Acid to Ethylene1

  1. W. T. Frankenberger and
  2. Patrick J. Phelan2

Abstract

Abstract

Kinetic analyses were performed to characterize the conversion of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) to ethylene (C2H4) in soils. Application of three linear transformations of the Michaelis-Menten equation indicated that the Km values varied slightly among soils, but were similar in magnitude. By using the Lineweaver-Burk plot, the Km values in three soils ranged from 2.7 to 6.1 (avg = 4.8) mM and Vmax values ranged from 3.9 to 16.5 mmol of C2H4 released kg−1 soil 48 h−1. The activation energy (Ea) and enthalpy of activation (ΔH*) values, expressed in kJ mol−1, ranged from 35.4 to 70.5 (avg = 49.4) and 32.8 to 67.9 (avg = 46.8), respectively. The Q10 values within a temperature range of 5 to 50°C ranged from 1.52 to 2.60. A direct relationship was established between soil pH of 20 unbuffered surface soils and ACC enhanced-C2H4 production, but no such relationship was found with any other soil parameter tested including organic C, total N, CEC, and texture. Antibiotic treatments of soils revealed that both fungistatic and bacteriostatic agents were effective in inhibiting (25–82%) ACC derived-C2H4 production in soils indicating that both major groups are active C2H4 producers.

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