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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 45 No. 4, p. 754-760
     
    Received: Apr 21, 1980
    Published: July, 1981


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1981.03615995004500040016x

Leaching of Fertilizer Ions in a Ultisol from the High Rainfall Tropics: Leaching Through Undisturbed Soil Columns1

  1. J. L. Pleysier and
  2. A. S. R. Juo2

Abstract

Abstract

Downward movement of applied Ca3+, Mg2+, K+, and NO3- in a coarse-textured, kaolinitic Ultisol profile was studied in the laboratory using undisturbed soil columns. The soil columns were leached with an amount of water equivalent to the annual rainfall of the sampling site (2,420 mm) through a rainfall simulator over a period of 72 days. Added nitrate in the forms of Ca, Mg, or K salts leached readily through the profile. Nitrate leached mainly with Al3+ ions. Cations leached differentially, depending upon the exchange selectivity of the soil and upon the surface loading of the cation in question. The leachability of the cations under the experimental conditions follows the order K < Al ≈ Ca ≈ Mg < Na.

The vertical distribution of added Ca in the leached profile may be predicted by Walter's formulation of ion exchange chromatography.

The limed soil columns retained more Ca in the surface layer than the columns treated with Ca(NO3)2 when an equal amount of Ca was applied.

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