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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 44 No. 6, p. 1191-1194
     
    Received: Jan 17, 1980
    Published: Nov, 1980


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400060011x

A Combined Salt Transport-Chemical Equilibrium Model for Calcareous and Gypsiferous Soils1

  1. C. W. Robbins,
  2. R. J. Wagenet and
  3. J. J. Jurinak2

Abstract

Abstract

Chemical precipitation-dissolution and cation exchange subroutines were interfaced with an existing water movement-salt transport model. Three model options available for testing the prediction of salt transport and storage were (i) individual ion transport without soil interaction, (ii) precipitation and dissolution of lime and gypsum during transport, and (iii) cation exchange in addition to the precipitation-dissolution reactions. The transport model also predicts relative crop growth and water uptake as affected by soil moisture and salinity. The chemical subroutine used by the second and third options calculated ionic activities, corrected for ionic strength and ion pair formation, and was used to calculate lime and gypsum precipitation and dissolution. Cation activities were also used to calculate Ca, Mg, Na, and K exchange equilibria by a method that allows for addition of any number of exchangeable cations. Values predicted by the three options for EC, SAR and Ca, Mg, Na, K, Cl, SO4, and HCO3 concentrations were compared to experimental data obtained from a lysimeter study and were only satisfactorily predicted when both chemical precipitations and cation exchange were considered for a gypsiferous and a nongypsiferous soil irrigated with a high, medium, and low CaSO4 water at two leaching fractions.

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