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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 41 No. 4, p. 721-724
     
    Received: Nov 1, 1976
    Published: July, 1977


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1977.03615995004100040021x

Kinetics of Salt Release from a Saline Soil1

  1. J. J. Jurinak,
  2. J. C. Whitmore and
  3. R. J. Wagenet2

Abstract

Abstract

The kinetics of salt release from simulated saline sediments was studied to ascertain the potential of sediments as a diffuse source of salinity. Two rate equations were derived, both based on the premise that dissolution was a diffusion controlled process. The equations were ln (1 − C/Cs) = -kt and C = kt1/2, where c is the concentration at any point in the bulk solution, cs is the equilibrium concentration of the soluble soil minerals, t is time, k is the first-order rate constant, and k′ a proportionality constant. Kinetic data were obtained from a saline typic torriorthent soil derived from Mancos shale in the Price river Basin, Utah. During the initial 72 hours of reaction, dissolution can be described by three, diffusion controlled, reactions. Increasing particle size decreased the rate of reaction. Both derived equations were equally effective in describing salt release.

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