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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 40 No. 4, p. 516-520
     
    Received: Dec 29, 1975
    Published: July, 1976


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1976.03615995004000040021x

Changes in the Physical Properties of Soil Clays due to Precipitated Aluminum and Iron Hydroxides: II. Colloidal Interactions in the Absence of Drying1

  1. S. A. El-Swaify2

Abstract

Abstract

Colloidal stability diagrams were constructed for suspensions of an illite, a kaolinite, and a mixture of the two into which Al(OH)3 and Fe(OH)3 were precipitated. These diagrams covered a pH range from 2.5 to 12.5 and electrolyte concentrations up to the flocculation value. It was revealed, in accordance with expected interactions of colloids with widely different isoelectric points, that the colloidal stability of each mixture was dependent on the charge balance between its individual constituents. Therefore, as long as a system has not encountered a drying cycle, hydroxides may provide favorable (flocculating) or nonfavorable (colloidally stable) effects on soil structure depending on hydroxide type, its surface reactivity, and the clay mineral with which it may be associated. Generally, the two hydroxides provided equal enhancement of clay colloidal stability above their isoelectric points. However, Al(OH)3 was more active in inducing clay flocculation and charge reversal at low pH values.

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