Influence of Cation Content on the Biological Activity of Fensulfothion in Plainfield Sand
- C. R. Harris and
- B. T. Bowman
A study was conducted to assess the influence of cations on the biological activity of the organophosphorus insecticide, fensulfothion (O, O-diethylO-[p-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl] phosphorothioate)(Dasanit®) in soil. Bioassays were done using first stage crickets, Gryllus spp. as test insects and a Plainfield sand without and amended with various concentrations of reagent chloride salts of NH4+, K+, Ca2+, Fe3+, and Al3+. The toxicity of fensulfothion decreased with increasing cation content, with the effect being most pronounced with trivalent > divalent > monovalent cations. Results of the bioactivity study paralleled those of an earlier adsorption study on fensulfothion-cation montmorillonite suspensions.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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