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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 39 No. 4, p. 710-716
     
    Received: Aug 26, 1974
    Published: July, 1975


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1975.03615995003900040036x

Geomorphology of a Glaciated First-Order Valley in South Central New York1

  1. L. A. Daugherty,
  2. W. E. Hanna and
  3. R. W. Arnold2

Abstract

Abstract

A glaciated first-order valley in south central New York was studied to determine the post-glacial evolution of the landforms. Ninety-seven profiles were sampled at depth intervals of approximately 30 cm to determine internal features of the landscape units. Particle size differences were the main indicators of lithologic discontinuities. Arithmetic mean of the fine earth particle size in conjunction with the relative amounts and orientation of coarse fragments were useful in determining strata of the summit, shoulder, backslope, footslope, toeslope and the high, intermediate, and low level terraces. Congeliturbate as much as 10 m deep was found in the basin at the head of the stream in foot- and toeslope areas. The downstream portion of these deposits has been deeply entrenched by the stream. During periglacial times congeliturbate in the downstream channel contributed to temporary base levels of the stream. Much of this congeliturbate remains as terraces. The alluvium resulting from the entrenchment of the congeliturbate occurs as a series of 92 terrace remnants and it is believed that their strata, relative elevation, and gradient contain clues to the complex sequence of erosional and depositional events.

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