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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 38 No. 4, p. 657-660
     
    Received: Jan 2, 1974
    Published: July, 1974


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1974.03615995003800040034x

Splash Erosion: Some Observations on the Splash-Cup Technique1

  1. P. I. A. Kinnell2

Abstract

Abstract

Experiments under artificial rainfall conditions showed that the initial, excessive loss from the type of splash cup frequently used in splash-cup experiments was attributable not only to material being pushed sideways over the edge of the cup by the impact of drops near the perimeter of the exposed surface, but also to a decrease in the rate of splash loss.

The amount of excess material lost during this initial period was not significantly influenced by the frequency of drop impact, but was significantly influenced by the force of drop impact. Consequently, it is unlikely that the effect was attributable to changes in the hydraulic conditions within the erodible material, but may have been attributable to changes in the roughness of the exposed surface. A calibration, specific to the size, shape and velocity conditions of the impacting drops, may therefore be required where the initial loss makes a significant contribution to the total loss from a splash cup. It is also probable that such a calibration may also be specific to the physical nature of the erodible material and to the hydraulic characteristics of the splash-cup system.

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