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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 38 No. 3, p. 465-471
     
    Received: Aug 3, 1973
    Published: May, 1974


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1974.03615995003800030026x

The Amount and Nitrogen-15 Content of Nitrate in Soil Profiles from two Central Illinois Fields in a Corn-Soybean Rotation1

  1. Amos Feigin,
  2. Georgia Shearer,
  3. Daniel H. Kohl and
  4. Barry Commoner2

Abstract

Abstract

This paper reports the concentration and the δ15N (per mill 15N excess) of nitrate present in soil cores as a function of depth and time. The cores were taken at approximately monthly intervals from two central Illinois fields which were in a corn and soybean rotation.

During the period of October 1971 through April 1972, the mean δ15N value of nitrate present at all depths of both fields was + 1.2 ± 1.5. The most striking variation from this mean occurred after the application, on 4 May 1972, of anhydrous ammonia to the field being sown to corn, when a dramatic decrease was observed in the δ15N values of the nitrate in the 0–30 layer of that field. The difference in the δ15N values of the nitrate found in the two fields disappeared after about 2 months. The δ15N values of the ammonium ion found in the soil after application of fertilizer increased with time as the concentration of ammonium decreased and the concentration of nitrate increased. These observations indicate that the observed changes following fertilization in δ15N of nitrate were due primarily to isotopic discrimination associated with incomplete conversion of ammonium to nitrate. The δ15N values of the nitrate in both fertilzed and unfertilized fields were higher in late summer than in the period October to May.

The nitrate content of the 150-cm profile did not show significant variation with time in either field from October 1971 until 4 May 1972, when anhydrous ammonia was applied to the field being sown to corn. The nitrate concentration in the soil profiles of both fields decreased during the period of crop growth. Fertilizer application and crop uptake appeared to exert a larger influence on the total amount of nitrate in the soil profile than did movement of nitrate out of the 150-cm profile by leaching, since rainfall in amounts sufficient to redistribute the nitrate within the profile did not lower the total amount of nitrate in the profile.

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