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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 35 No. 5, p. 732-737
     
    Received: Feb 10, 1971
    Published: Sept, 1971


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1971.03615995003500050030x

Pesticide Mobility in Soils I. Parameters of Thin-Layer Chromatography1

  1. Charles S. Helling2

Abstract

Abstract

Pesticide movement was studied using the recently developed soil thin-layer chromatographic (TLC) method (Science 162:562, 1968). Thin layers of soil, the adsorbent phase, are developed with water using techniques analogous to conventional TLC.

Mobility, expressed as RF values for frontal movement, was insensitive to these parameters: removal of coarse or medium sand, movement distance, soil layer thickness, temperature, and sample size (0.3 to 50 µg). Water flux was modified by physical, soil amendment (inorganic and organic additives), and solvent amendment methods. Increased flux may slightly increase mobility of pesticides. The mobilities of 2,4-D and atrazine decreased markedly in > 0.5M NaCl solution, whereas some movement of paraquat then occurred. Distance to the wetting front on soil TLC plates was linearly related to the square root of time.

Three methods of visualizing radioactive pesticide movement were compared: autoradiography, radiochromatogram scanning, and zonal extraction.

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