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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 31 No. 2, p. 193-196
     
    Received: July 27, 1966
    Published: Mar, 1967


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1967.03615995003100020016x

Phosphorus Fixation by Soils in Relation to Extractable Iron Oxides and Mineralogical Composition1

  1. U. S. Sree Ramulu,
  2. P. F. Pratt and
  3. A. L. Page2

Abstract

Abstract

The fixation of P was studied for 12 acid soils that contained various amounts of free iron oxides. A significant correlation (r = 0.77) was obtained between P fixation and dithionite extractable Fe, but regression analysis showed that soils which contained kaolinite as the only clay mineral fixed more P and were in a different population than soils that contained both vermiculite and kaolinite. Data are presented which show that Fe in the interlayers of vermiculite is not active in P fixation but is extractable with dithionite.

Amounts of Fe extracted with oxalate were significantly correlated with P fixation (r = 0.95). In this regard, except for one soil that contained moderate amounts of gibbsite, all soils were in the same population. The data suggest that oxalate does not remove Fe from the interlayers of vermiculite but that dithionite does. The oxalate method, as modified, would provide a more quantitative means to determine the relationship between iron-oxides and the P-fixing capacity of soils similar to those studied.

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