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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 30 No. 3, p. 343-346
     
    Received: Oct 11, 1965
    Published: May, 1966


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1966.03615995003000030014x

Influence of Added Aluminum on Carbon Dioxide Production in Tropical Soils1

  1. V. K. Mutatkar and
  2. W. L. Pritchett2

Abstract

Abstract

Aluminum added to a yellow-brown Latosol, as Al2(SO4)3, at rates of 6.6, 16.5, and 33.0 meg /100 g of soil decreased soil pH from 5.9 to 4.6, 4.0 and 3.8, respectively. Carbon dioxide production during 35 days of incubation decreased with increases in H-ion concentration. In an attempt to separate the effects of H-ion displacement from that of Al-ion hydrolysis on microbial activity, Al-treated soils were left unadjusted, or adjusted to pH 4.0, 5.5 or 6.5 before incubation.

Carbon dioxide production decreased with increases in added Al when the soil pH was maintained below about 4.0. Aluminum precipitated rather rapidly in soils with a higher pH and the Al had little influence on CO2 production. Less than 1 ppm of Al was extracted by 1n KCl when the final pH of the soil was above approximately 4.0 (as determined in neutral salt). Below this range, exchangeable Al increased with increases in amounts of Al initially added to the soil.

In a second experiment, a highly significant negative linear relationship was found between CO2 production and increasing percentages of Al in mixtures of Al- and Ca-saturated Everglades muck. Furthermore, when Ca-saturated muck was adjusted to pH 4.0 with HCl, and incubated, the production of CO2 was significantly greater than in Al-saturated muck adjusted to pH 4.0. Since exchangeable Al did not increase when the Ca-saturated muck was adjusted to a lower pH, but did increase when the pH of the Al-saturated muck was lowered, it appeared that Al had an influence on CO2 production in these acid soils.

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