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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 29 No. 6, p. 744-748
     
    Received: Feb 10, 1965
    Published: Nov, 1965


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1965.03615995002900060039x

The Influence of Aggregate Size on Soil Moisture Content-Capillary Conductivity Relations1

  1. M. Amemiya2

Abstract

Abstract

The capillary conductivity of beds of 0.5- to 1-, 1- to 2-, 2- to 3-, 3- to 5-, and 5- to 9-mm aggregates separated from Nicollet, Kranzburg, Aastad, and Miami soils was determined over a suction range of from 0.02 to 12 bars by using the pressure plate outflow technique. When moisture content-moisture suction relations were essentially unaffected by aggregate size, capillary conductivity was a function of volumetric moisture content. However, if moisture content-moisture suction relations were affected by aggregate size, then at any given moisture content, conductivity values for a given aggregate size were inversely related to the suction corresponding to said moisture content. For beds consisting of mixtures of aggregate sizes, changes in moisture content-moisture suction brought about by mixing, affected capillary conductivity in much the same way as in the case of beds of single-sized aggregates. Data from sand and uniformly porous ceramic “aggregates” indicate that capillary conductivity is a function of size only if size affects moisture content-moisture suction relations. Other factors influencing moisture retention may be expected to influence capillary conductivity accordingly.

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