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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 29 No. 2, p. 187-191
     
    Received: Aug 3, 1964
    Published: Mar, 1965


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1965.03615995002900020022x

Boron Concentration Adjacent to Fertilizer Granules in Soil, and Its Effect on Root Growth1

  1. J. J. Mortvedt and
  2. G. Osborn2

Abstract

Abstract

Rates of dissolution of B from granules of rasorite and three boronated fertilizers in limed Hartsells fine sandy loam decreased in the order: Nitric phosphate (2.2% B) > rasorite (20.2% B) ≫ calcium silicate slag (7.5% B) > calcium metaphosphate (2.1% B). Movement of B from the granules increased with B concentration gradient and soil moisture content.

Concentration of hot water-soluble B in soil near the granules at a given time depended on: (i) B content of the granule, and (ii) the relative rates of B dissolution from the granule and movement of B from the granule site. Concentrations of B near rasorite granules—as high as 80 parts per million (ppm) in a large volume (4 kg of soil in gallon cans) and 385 ppm in thin soil layers (80 g of soil in Petri dishes)—were inversely proportional to the amount of soil affected.

Root growth of oats and alfalfa was slightly depressed at soil B concentrations of 2 to 5 ppm, and markedly so at concentrations above 10 ppm B. Thus, high concentrations in soil near some B sources may inhibit root growth. Root injury may be prevented by decreasing the B content per fertilizer granule and by applying less soluble sources or lower amounts of B.

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