Early Growth of Corn as Affected by Soil Temperature1
- R. R. Allmaras,
- W. C. Burrows and
- W. E. Larson2
Corn growth was measured in 23 location-years in the eastern United States, where an average soil temperature reduction of 2.2°F. at the 4-inch depth was obtained by a straw-mulch treatment as compared to unmulched treatments during the first 6 weeks following planting. For soil temperatures ranging from 60° to 83°F., the ratio of the dry matter produced on the mulched treatment to that produced on the unmulched treatment was linearly related to the 4-inch soil temperature. The validity of this linear relation was supported by data from experiments in the greenhouse and laboratory where growth of corn was observed under carefully controlled temperatures. For field conditions, a corn growth vs. soil temperature relation was constructed from the above linear relation, and the estimated optimum soil temperature for corn growth (dry matter production) was 81.3°F.
The effect of soil temperature on four different growth measurements (height, dry matter production, yield of N, and yield of K) of corn was different for each growth measurement in both the field and the greenhouse.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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