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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 24 No. 2, p. 99-102
     
    Received: Aug 24, 1959
    Published: Mar, 1960


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doi:10.2136/sssaj1960.03615995002400020010x

Stability of Dicalcium Phosphate Dihydrate in Aqueous Solutions and Solubility of Octocalcium Phosphate1

  1. Edgard C. Moreno,
  2. Walter E. Brown and
  3. Glen Osborn2

Abstract

Abstract

The hydrolysis of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, CaHPO4·2H2O, in dilute phosphoric acid solutions and in water was investigated at 25° C. in the absence of CO2. Octocalcium phosphate, Ca4H(PO4)3·3H2O, was found to precipitate when the pH of the solution was higher than 6.38. The extent of the hydrolysis was larger the higher the initial pH of the solution. The solution composition followed the metastable solubility isotherm for dicalcium phosphate dihydrate until a singular point between octocalcium phosphate and dicalcium phosphate dihydrate was reached. At this point the solution had a pH of 6.38 and Ca and P concentrations of 1.36 × 10-3M and 2.21 × 10-3M, respectively. The solubility product of octocalcium phosphate was calculated to be (Ca)4(H)(PO4)3 = 1.25 × 10-47.

Relative rates of solution and precipitation of both dicalcium and octocalcium phosphates are discussed. No formation of anhydrous dicalcium phosphate or hydroxyapative was detected in equilibrations for as long as 90 days, even though both of these compounds are more stable than dicalcium phosphate dihydrate under the experimental conditions.

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