Mineral Characteristics of Some Soils of Puerto Rico1
- C. D. Jeffries,
- J. A. Bonnet and
- F. Abruna2
Preliminary data are presented of some of the mineralogical characteristics of 41 soil series of Puerto Rico, which includes soils of three orders, 22 great soil groups occurring in seven physiographic provinces. Study of the constituent minerals of these soils show that there are present quartz, feldspars of the plagioclase series, and the clay minerals kaolin, illite, montmorillonite, and one called provisionally beidellite. The soils can be divided into two general groups, those with abundant feldspar and those where feldspar is absent or occurs only in traces. On the average, those soils which contain feldspar have a lower clay content, a higher total exchange capacity, and a higher productivity rating, where lack of rainfall or extreme slope are not factors, than those soils where feldspars are absent or occur only in traces. This appears to be independent of the great soil group, or province in which the soil series occur. It may be that the presence or abscence of feldspar in a soil is one of the indications of its potential fertility status.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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