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Journal of Environmental Quality : Just Published


Accepted, edited articles are published here after author proofing to provide rapid publication and better access to the newest research in the Journal of Environmental Quality. Articles are compiled into bimonthly issues at,, and, which include the complete archive. Citation | Articles posted here are considered published and may be cited by the doi.

Maguire, R.O., P.J. A. Kleinman, C.J. Dell, D.B. Beegle, R.C. Brandt, J.M. McGrath, and Q.M. Ketterings. 2011. Manure application technology in reduced tillage and forage systems: A review. J. Environ. Qual. doi: 10.2134/jeq2009.0228

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Current issue: J. Environ. Qual. 44(3)


    • Bartłomiej Woś and Marcin Pietrzykowski
      Simulation of Birch and Pine Litter Influence on Early Stage of Reclaimed Soil Formation Process under Controlled Conditions

      The impact of litter decomposition on chemical substrate properties and element leaching during early soil formation in afforested post-mine sites and the influence of different tree species are key issues in new ecosystem development. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and common birch (Betula pendula Roth) are important pioneering species used in afforestation of post-mine sites in central and eastern Europe. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of litter decomposition of these species on the chemical properties of mine soil substrates. The impact of litter decomposition on soil properties was tested on quaternary and neogene substrates with different textures (sands, loams, and mixtures of clays and sands) in a controlled incubation experiment using PVC columns. (continued)

      Published: April 24, 2015


    • W. Ford, K. King, M. Williams, J. Williams and N. Fausey
      Sensitivity Analysis of the Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender (APEX) for Phosphorus Loads in Tile-Drained Landscapes

      Numerical modeling is an economical and feasible approach for quantifying the effects of best management practices on dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) loadings from agricultural fields. However, tools that simulate both surface and subsurface DRP pathways are limited and have not been robustly evaluated in tile-drained landscapes. The objectives of this study were to test the ability of the Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender (APEX), a widely used field-scale model, to simulate surface and tile P loadings over management, hydrologic, biologic, tile, and soil gradients and to better understand the behavior of P delivery at the edge-of-field in tile-drained midwestern landscapes. To do this, a global, variance-based sensitivity analysis was performed, and model outputs were compared with measured P loads obtained from 14 surface and subsurface edge-of-field sites across central and northwestern Ohio. (continued)

      Published: April 24, 2015


    • Weihua Zhang, Juan Zheng, Pingping Zheng, Daniel C.W. Tsang and Rongliang Qiu
      Sludge-Derived Biochar for Arsenic(III) Immobilization: Effects of Solution Chemistry on Sorption Behavior

      Recycling sewage sludge by pyrolysis has attracted increasing attention for pollutant removal from wastewater and soils. This study scrutinized As(III) sorption behavior on sludge-derived biochar (SDBC) under different pyrolysis conditions and solution chemistry. The SDBC pyrolyzed at a higher temperature showed a lower As(III) sorption capacity and increasingly nonlinear isotherm due to loss of surface sites and deoxygenation–dehydrogenation. The Langmuir sorption capacity on SDBC (3.08–6.04 mg g−1) was comparable to other waste-derived sorbents, with the highest As(III) sorption on SDBC pyrolyzed at 400°C for 2 h. (continued)

      Published: May 8, 2015


    • Magdalena Urbaniak, Edyta Kiedrzyńska, Marcin Kiedrzyński, Marek Zieliński and Adam Grochowalski
      The Role of Hydrology in the Polychlorinated Dibenzo- p -dioxin and Dibenzofuran Distributions in a Lowland River

      Persistent organic pollutants such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are environmental contaminants that have widespread distribution and pose a serious threat to aquatic ecosystems. We conducted a study to quantify the distribution, patterns, and transport of PCDDs and PCDFs along the Pilica River in central Poland under different hydrological conditions to estimate the loads of these compounds and understand their fate in aquatic systems. Water samples were collected at five sampling points along the river that represent a range of hydrological conditions including flooding and stable and low water flows. Reduced river water flow was associated with lower average total and toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentrations of PCDDs plus PCDFs: 33.6 pg L−1 and 4.21 pg TEQ L−1 for flooding; 28.3 pg L−1 and 3.6 pg TEQ L−1 for stable flow; 18.4 pg L−1 and 1.0 pg TEQ L−1 for low-water flow. (continued)

      Published: May 8, 2015

    • Vered Giat and Uri Mingelgrin
      The Effect of the Moisture Regime on the Interaction of Fluorene with Porous Media

      Movement and persistence of organic molecules in porous media is strongly influenced by their interactions with the solid phase. Understanding these interactions is important for the execution of reliable risk assessments and for proper handling and disposal of toxic organic chemicals. Transport and attenuation models often assume rapid adsorption–desorption equilibration and neglect the role of the ever-changing moisture regime at the top of the vadose zone. Adsorption of the polyaromatic hydrocarbon fluorene (C13H10), both from hexane and from water, on a cattle manure compost and on two soils—Dor (montmorillonitic, 1.9% organic matter [OM]) and Maagan-Michael (kaolinitic, 5.2% OM)—was studied. (continued)

      Published: May 1, 2015


    • B. C. T. Macdonald, J. Gillen, S. Tuomi, J. Newport, P. S. Barton and A. D. Manning
      Can Coarse Woody Debris Be Used for Carbon Storage in Open Grazed Woodlands?

      Carbon dioxide off-setting policy in the agricultural sector is focused on manipulating the terrestrial carbon cycle by reafforestation and increasing the retention of carbon within agricultural soils. We quantified the amount of carbon stored in the living and dead biomass and the surface soils of a previously grazed woodland ecosystem. We demonstrate that modification of coarse woody debris management could potentially store 8 to 15 t C ha−1. (continued)

      Published: April 24, 2015


    • Heidi L. Sieverding, Lisa M. Bailey, Tyler J. Hengen, David E. Clay and James J. Stone
      Meta-Analysis of Soybean-based Biodiesel

      Biofuel policy changes in the United States have renewed interest in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] biodiesel. Past studies with varying methodologies and functional units can provide valuable information for future work. A meta-analysis of nine peer-reviewed soybean life cycle analysis (LCA) biodiesel studies was conducted on the northern Great Plains in the United States. Results of LCA studies were assimilated into a standardized system boundary and functional units for global warming (GWP), eutrophication (EP), and acidification (AP) potentials using biodiesel conversions from peer-reviewed and government documents. (continued)

      Published: May 8, 2015


    • Zachary S. Tait, Megan Thompson and Aron Stubbins
      Chemical Fouling Reduction of a Submersible Steel Spectrophotometer in Estuarine Environments Using a Sacrificial Zinc Anode

      The availability of in situ spectrophotometers, such as the S::CAN spectro::lyser, has expanded the possibilities for high-frequency water quality data collection. However, biological and chemical fouling can degrade the performance of in situ spectrophotometers, especially in saline environments with rapid flow rates. A complex freshwater washing system has been previously designed to reduce chemical fouling for the S::CAN spectro::lyser spectrophotometer. In the current study, we present a simpler, cheaper alternative: the attachment of a sacrificial zinc anode. (continued)

      Published: May 8, 2015

    • Daniel G. Strawn, April C. Rigby, Leslie L. Baker, Mark D. Coleman and Iris Koch
      Biochar Soil Amendment Effects on Arsenic Availability to Mountain Brome ( Bromus marginatus )

      Biochar is a renewable energy byproduct that shows promise for remediating contaminated mine sites. A common contaminant at mine sites is arsenic (As). In this study, the effects of biochar amendments to a mine-contaminated soil on As concentrations in mountain brome (Bromus marginatus Nees ex Steud.) were investigated. In the biochar-amended soil, mountain brome had greater root biomass and decreased root and shoot As concentrations. (continued)

      Published: April 24, 2015


    • Sara C. Koropchak, W. Lee Daniels, Abbey Wick, G. Richard Whittecar and Nick Haus
      Beneficial Use of Dredge Materials for Soil Reconstruction and Development of Dredge Screening Protocols

      Upland placement of dredge sediments has the potential to provide beneficial reuse of suitable sediments for agricultural uses or urban soil reconstruction. However, the use of many dredge materials is limited by contaminants, and most established screening protocols focus on limiting major contaminants such as heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and generally ignore fundamental agronomic parameters. Since 2001, we have placed over 450,000 m3 of Potomac River fresh water dredge materials and 250,000 m3 of saline materials from various locations into monitored confined upland facilities in Charles City, VA, and documented their conversion to agricultural uses. Groundwater and soil quality monitoring has indicated no adverse effects from material placement and outstanding agricultural productivity for the freshwater materials. (continued)

      Published: May 15, 2015


    • Arjun K. Venkatesan, Abdul-Hakeem M. Hamdan, Vanessa M. Chavez, Jasmine D. Brown and Rolf U. Halden
      Mass Balance Model for Sustainable Phosphorus Recovery in a US Wastewater Treatment Plant

      In response to limited phosphorus (P) reserves worldwide, several countries have demonstrated the prospect of recovering significant amounts of P from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). This technique uses enhanced biological P removal (EBPR) to concentrate P in sludge followed by chemical precipitation of P as struvite, a usable phosphate mineral. The present study models the feasibility of this enhanced removal and recovery technique in a WWTP in Arizona with design parameters typical of infrastructure in the United States. A mass balance was performed for existing treatment processes and modifications proposed to estimate the quantity of P that could be recovered under current and future flow conditions. (continued)

      Published: March 27, 2015


    • Ianis Delpla, Timothy G. Jones, Don T. Monteith, David D. Hughes, Estelle Baurès, Aude-Valérie Jung, Olivier Thomas and Chris Freeman
      Heavy Rainfall Impacts on Trihalomethane Formation in Contrasting Northwestern European Potable Waters

      There is emerging concern over the impact of extreme events such as heavy rainfall on the quality of water entering the drinking water supply from aboveground sources, as such events are expected to increase in magnitude and frequency in response to climate change. We compared the impact of rainfall events on streamwater quality in four contrasting upland (peatland and mineral soil) and lowland agricultural catchments used to supply drinking water in France (Brittany) and the United Kingdom (North Wales) by analyzing water samples collected before, during, and after specific events. At all four streams, heavy rainfall led to a considerable rise in organic matter concentration ranging from 48 to 158%. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) quality, as determined using specific ultraviolet absorbance, changed consistently at all sites during rainfall events, with a greater proportion of aromatic and higher molecular weight compounds following the onset of rainfall. (continued)

      Published: May 15, 2015

    • Robert Budd, Michael Ensminger, Dan Wang and Kean S. Goh
      Monitoring Fipronil and Degradates in California Surface Waters, 2008–2013

      The phenylpyrazole insecticide fipronil has become a popular replacement pest management tool as organophosphorus insecticides have been phased out for residential use and pyrethroids have come under scrutiny as a surface water contaminant. There has been an increasing concern of offsite transport of fipronil to surrounding surface waters and a corresponding increase in potential toxicity to aquatic organisms. The California Department of Pesticide Regulation Environmental Monitoring Program has collected over 500 urban surface water samples throughout California since 2008 to determine the presence and concentrations of fipronil and five degradate products. Statewide, fipronil was detected at high frequency (49%), as were the sulfone (43%) and desulfinyl (33%) degradates. (continued)

      Published: May 8, 2015

    • T. Darch, A. Carswell, M. S. A. Blackwell, J. M. B. Hawkins, P. M. Haygarth and D. Chadwick
      Dissolved Phosphorus Retention in Buffer Strips: Influence of Slope and Soil Type

      Phosphorus (P) contributes to eutrophication of surface waters and buffer strips may be implemented to reduce its transfer from agricultural sources to watercourses. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that soil type and slope influence the retention of dissolved organic P and inorganic orthophosphate in agricultural runoff in 2-m-wide buffer strip soils. A solution, comprised of dissolved orthophosphate and the organic P compounds glucose-1-phosphate, RNA, and inositol hexakisphosphate (1.8 mg L−1 total P) and a chloride tracer, was applied as simulated overland flow to grassland soil blocks (2 m long × 0.5 m wide × 0.35 m deep), containing intact clay or loam soils, at slope angles of 2, 5, and 10°. Phosphorus forms were determined in the surface and subsurface flow from the soil blocks. (continued)

      Published: April 24, 2015

    • Masaaki Chiwa, Takami Saito, Hirokazu Haga, Hiroaki Kato, Kyoichi Otsuki and Yuichi Onda
      A Nitrogen-Saturated Plantation of Cryptomeria japonica and Chamaecyparis obtusa in Japan Is a Large Nonpoint Nitrogen Source

      Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) plantations account for approximately 30% of the total forested area in Japan. Both are arbuscular mycorrhizal trees that leach more NO3 in response to nitrogen (N) deposition than do forests of ectomycorrhizal trees. However, little information is available about the size of N exports from these plantations. The aim of this study was to evaluate nonpoint source N exports from a N-saturated plantation. (continued)

      Published: May 1, 2015

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