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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 40 No. 5, p. 1347-1358
    OPEN ACCESS
     
    Received: Apr 12, 2011
    Published: Sept, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): scott.yates@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2134/jeq2011.0142

Managing Agricultural Emissions to the Atmosphere: State of the Science, Fate and Mitigation, and Identifying Research Gaps

  1. S. R. Yates *a,
  2. L. L. McConnellb,
  3. C. J. Hapemanb,
  4. S. K. Papiernikc,
  5. S. Gaod and
  6. S. L. Trabuee
  1. a USDA–ARS, U.S. Salinity Lab., 450 W. Big Springs Rd., Riverside, CA 92507
    b USDA–ARS, Environmental Management & Byproduct Utilization Lab., Beltsville, MD
    c USDA–ARS, North Central Agricultural Research Lab., Brookings, SD
    d USDA–ARS, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA
    e USDA–ARS, National Lab. for Agriculture and the Environment, Ames, IA. Assigned to Editor Dennis Corwin

Abstract

The impact of agriculture on regional air quality creates significant challenges to sustainability of food supplies and to the quality of national resources. Agricultural emissions to the atmosphere can lead to many nuisances, such as smog, haze, or offensive odors. They can also create more serious effects on human or environmental health, such as those posed by pesticides and other toxic industrial pollutants. It is recognized that deterioration of the atmosphere is undesirable, but the short- and long-term impacts of specific agricultural activities on air quality are not well known or understood. These concerns led to the organization of the 2009 American Chemical Society Symposium titled Managing Agricultural Gas and Particle Emissions. An outcome of this symposium is this special collection of 14 research papers focusing on various issues associated with production agriculture and its effect on air quality. Topics included emissions from animal feeding operations, odors, volatile organic compounds, pesticides, mitigation, modeling, and risk assessment. These papers provide new research insights, identify gaps in current knowledge, and recommend important future research directions. As the scientific community gains a better understanding of the relationships between anthropogenic activities and their effects on environmental systems, technological advances should enable a reduction in adverse consequences on the environment.

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Copyright © 2011. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.