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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 37 No. 4, p. 1519-1526
     
    Received: June 18, 2007
    Published: July, 2008


    * Corresponding author(s): gpalma@ufro.cl
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doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0323

Effect of Liquid Cow Manure on Andisol Properties and Atrazine Adsorption

  1. Gabriela Briceñoa,
  2. Rolando Demanetb,
  3. María de la Luz Moraa and
  4. Graciela Palma *a
  1. a Dep. de Ciencias Químicas, Univ. de la Frontera
    b Dep. de Producción Agropecuaria, Univ. de la Frontera, Av. Francisco Salazar 01145, Casilla 54-D, Temuco, Chile

Abstract

Application of animal manure amendments to agricultural soils is a common practice to improve soil fertility through the addition of essential plant nutrients. This practice may increase the potential for atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-1, 3, 5-triazine) leaching due to competition for adsorption sites between the pesticide and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) added through manure. We evaluated the influence of liquid cow manure (LCM) application on soil properties, atrazine adsorption, and the physicochemical controlling mechanisms in an Andisol. The LCM was applied at rates equivalent to 0, 100,000, 200,000, and 300,000 L ha−1, resulting in treatments S-0, S-100, S-200, and S-300, respectively. The LCM application increased DOC and pH of the soils immediately on addition, but pH returned to S-0 values 30 d after application. The LCM application did not modify atrazine adsorption with the two lowest application rates (S-100 and S-200), but atrazine adsorption was decreased in S-300 (K f = 0.96) compared with the control (S-0) (K f = 1.19), possibly due to the competitive adsorption of DOC with the pesticide. The Fourier-transformed infrared analysis showed that LCM increased aliphaticity and presence of N-containing groups and polysaccharide-like groups in amended soils; however, these properties did not modify the atrazine interaction in the studied amended soils. Interestingly the addition of DOC to soil at the high application rate (S-300) reduced atrazine adsorption in this rich OM Andisol despite the LCM not raising the concentration of stable organic matter. The application of high rates of liquid manure containing DOC incurs an increased risk of pesticide leaching.

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Copyright © 2008. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyAmerican Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America