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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 35 No. 4, p. 973-981
     
    Received: Aug 22, 2005
    Published: July, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): gvbmevis@ehu.es
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doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0320

3,4-Dimethylpyrazol Phosphate Effect on Nitrous Oxide, Nitric Oxide, Ammonia, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Grasslands

  1. S. Menéndez *a,
  2. P. Merinob,
  3. M. Pintob,
  4. C. González-Muruaa and
  5. J. M. Estavilloa
  1. a Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, University of the Basque Country, Apdo. 644, E-48080 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain
    b Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, NEIKER. Bo Berreaga 1. E-48160 Derio, Bizkaia, Spain

Abstract

Intensively managed grasslands are potentially a large source of NH3, N2O, and NO emissions because of the large input of nitrogen (N) in fertilizers. Addition of nitrification inhibitors (NI) to fertilizers maintains soil N in ammonium form. Consequently, N2O and NO losses are less likely to occur and the potential for N utilization is increased, and NH3 volatilization may be increased. In the present study, we evaluated the effectiveness of the nitrification inhibitor 3,4-dimethylpyrazol phosphate (DMPP) on NH3, N2O, NO, and CO2 emissions following the application of 97 kg N ha−1 as ammonium sulfate nitrate (ASN) and 97 kg NH4 +–N ha−1 as cattle slurry to a mixed clover–ryegrass sward in the Basque Country (northern Spain). After slurry application, 16.0 and 0.7% of the NH4 +–N applied was lost in the form of N2O and NO, respectively. The application of DMPP induced a decrease of 29 and 25% in N2O and NO emissions, respectively. After ASN application 4.6 and 2.8% of the N applied was lost as N2O and NO, respectively. The application of DMPP with ASN (as ENTEC 26; COMPO, Münster, Germany) unexpectedly did not significantly reduce N2O emissions, but induced a decrease of 44% in NO emissions. The amount of NH4 +–N lost in the form of NH3 following slurry and slurry + DMPP applications was 7.8 and 11.0%, respectively, the increase induced by DMPP not being statistically significant. Levels of CO2 emissions were unaffected in all cases by the use of DMPP. We conclude that DMPP is an efficient nitrification inhibitor to be used to reduce N2O and NO emissions from grasslands.

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