Soil Variables for Predicting Potential Phosphorus Release in Swedish Noncalcareous Soils
- Katarina Börling *a,
- Erasmus Otabbonga and
- Elisabetta Barberisb
The accumulation of P in agricultural soils due to fertilization has increased the risk of P losses from agricultural fields to surface waters. In risk assessment systems for P losses, both P release from soil to solution and transport mechanisms need to be considered. In this study, the overall objective was to identify soil variables for prediction of potential P release from soil to solution. Soils from nine sites of the Swedish long-term fertility experiment were used, each with four soil P levels. Phosphorus extractable with CaCl2 was used as an estimate of potential P release from soil to solution. Ammonium lactate–extractable phosphorus (P-AL) or NaHCO3–extractable phosphorus (Olsen P) could not be used alone for prediction of potential P release since soils with high phosphorus sorption capacity (PSC) released less P than soils with low PSC at the same soil test phosphorus (STP) level. Degree of phosphorus saturation (DPS) was calculated as Olsen P or P-AL as a percentage of PSC derived from P sorption isotherms or from Fe and Al extractable in ammonium oxalate. The CaCl2–extractable total phosphorus (CaCl2–TP) was exponentially related to these DPS values (r 2 ≥ 0.79). The CaCl2–TP was also linearly related to ratios between Olsen P or P-AL and a single-point phosphorus sorption index (PSI; r 2 ≥ 0.86). These ratios, which are easily determined and gave good correlations with CaCl2–TP, seemed to be the most useful estimates of potential P release for risk assessment systems.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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