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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 33 No. 1, p. 257-264
     
    Received: Apr 8, 2003
    Published: Jan, 2004


    * Corresponding author(s): ccerniglia@nctr.fda.gov
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doi:10.2134/jeq2004.2570

Adsorption and Clay-Catalyzed Degradation of Erythromycin A on Homoionic Clays

  1. Yong-Hak Kim,
  2. Thomas M. Heinze,
  3. Seong-Jae Kim and
  4. Carl E. Cerniglia *
  1. Div. of Chemistry, National Center for Toxicological Research, U.S. Food and Drug Admin., Jefferson, AR 72079

Abstract

Erythromycin has been widely used in food-producing animals and in humans, and is frequently detected as an organic pollutant in U.S. streams. In batch experiments with homoionic clays, the Freundlich isotherms were determined at 10 and 25°C. The adsorption of erythromycin A was strongly influenced by clay type, exchanged cations, the pH of the bulk solutions, and the acidity of clay surfaces. The formation of clay–erythromycin A complexes was thermodynamically favorable except for K+– and Fe3+–exchanged montmorillonites, since the reactions were exothermic (ΔH° > 0) and the systems became stable (ΔS° > 0). Clays catalyzed the erythromycin A degradation by the hydrolysis of the neutral sugar and the multiple dehydrations. The surface acidity of clay surface enhanced the rate of clay-catalyzed degradation of erythromycin A. In addition, the Fe3+–exchanged clay minerals seemed to have an electrostatic interaction with the erythromycin A molecule, by which the hydrolysis of the neutral sugar was influenced.

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