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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 32 No. 3, p. 949-956
     
    Received: Dec 18, 2000
    Published: May, 2003


    * Corresponding author(s): spadotto@cnpma.embrapa.br
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doi:10.2134/jeq2003.9490

Soil Sorption of Acidic Pesticides

  1. Claudio A. Spadotto * and
  2. Arthur G. Hornsby
  1. Soil and Water Science Dep., Univ. of Florida

Abstract

A model of acidic pesticide sorption in soils was developed from theoretical modeling and experimental data, which initially considered a combination of a strongly acidic pesticide and a variable-charge soil with high clay content. Contribution of 2,4-D [(2,4-dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid] anionic-form sorption was small when compared with molecular sorption. Dissociation of 2,4-D was not sufficient to explain the variation in K d as a function of pH. Accessibility of soil organic functional groups able to interact with the pesticide (conformational changes) as a function of organic matter dissociation was proposed to explain the observed differences in sorption. Experimental 2,4-D sorption data and K oc values from literature for flumetsulam [N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl [1,2,4] triazolo [1,5-a] pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide] and sulfentrazone [N-[2,4-dichloro-5-[4-(difluromethyl)-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-y1] phenyl] methanesulfonamide] in several soils fit the model.

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Copyright © 2003. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.32:949–956.