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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 30 No. 3, p. 869-877
     
    Received: Sept 30, 1999
    Published: May, 2001


    * Corresponding author(s): asgeir.almas@ijvf.nlh.no
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doi:10.2134/jeq2001.303869x

Plant Uptake of Cadmium-109 and Zinc-65 at Different Temperature and Organic Matter Levels

  1. Å.R. Almås * and
  2. B.R. Singh
  1. Agricultural Univ. of Norway, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, PB 5028, 1432 Aas, Norway

Abstract

The uptake of 109Cd and 65Zn and their stable isotopes by ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), grown on two different soil types, was investigated in climatically controlled growth chambers at 9 and 21°C. The soils were treated with 0 and 4% organic matter (pig [Sus scrofa] manure) and spiked with 109Cd and 65Zn before sowing. The organic matter addition resulted in increased uptake of the 109Cd, Cd, and Zn by ryegrass, but the uptake of 65Zn was decreased. The latter effect was ascribed to isotopic dilution of 65Zn as the amount of stable Zn in the plant tissues increased with the organic matter addition. The effect of temperature was more pronounced than that of organic matter addition, and the uptake of both 109Cd and 65Zn and their stable isotopes was higher in ryegrass grown at 21°C than that grown at 9°C. Results from fractionation and speciation analysis of soil cadmium and zinc were correlated with plant uptake, and there was a good consistency between observed plant uptake and the physico–chemical forms of cadmium and zinc in soil and soil solution presumed to be plant available.

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Copyright © 2001. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.30:869–877.