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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 30 No. 3, p. 1033-1039
     
    Received: June 26, 2000
    Published: May, 2001


    * Corresponding author(s): dah13@cornell.edu
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doi:10.2134/jeq2001.3031033x

TurfPQ, A Pesticide Runoff Model for Turf

  1. Douglas A. Haith *
  1. Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Riley–Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853

Abstract

Environmental assessments of golf courses and other turf systems must often rely on mathematical modeling. However, in the case of pesticide runoff, successful modeling applications are rare. Available models were developed for agricultural applications and have seen very limited testing for turf. TurfPQ is a pesticide runoff model developed exclusively for turf. The model is based on a curve number calculation for runoff volume and linear partitioning of pesticide into adsorbed and dissolved components during a precipitation or irrigation event. Calibration is optional, so the model can be applied, using default parameter values, to situations where runoff and chemical loss data are unavailable. TurfPQ was tested with default parameter values for 52 pesticide runoff events involving six pesticides measured in plot studies in four states. The model typically produced conservative overpredictions of pesticide runoff, particularly with strongly adsorbed pesticides. Mean predicted pesticide runoff was 3.2% of application, compared with an observed mean of 2.1%. TurfPQ captured the dynamics of the pesticide runoff events well with R 2 = 0.76. Sensitivity analyses indicated that prediction errors could be reduced by better estimates of adsorption parameters and runoff curve numbers. However, even with default parameters, TurfPQ predictions are at least as accurate as those produced by more complex models.

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Copyright © 2001. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science SocietyPublished in J. Environ. Qual.30:1033–1039.

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