The Influence of Vegetation in Riparian Filterstrips on Coliform Bacteria: II. Survival in Soils
- James A. Entry *,
- Robert K. Hubbard,
- Janice E. Thies and
- Jeffry J. Fuhrmann
- U SDA-ARS, Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Lab., 3793 North 3600 East, Kimberly, ID 83443.
U SDA-ARS, Southeast Watershed Research Lab., P.O. Box 946, Tifton, GA 31793-0748.
C ornell Univ., Dep. of Crop and Soil Science, 722 Bradfield Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853.
D ep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717-1303.
Survival of total and fecal coliform bacteria was measured in the 0 to 5, 5 to 15, and 15 to 30 cm soil depths at 1, 3, 7, 14, and 90 to 120 d after swine (Sus scrofa) wastewater application to riparian filterstrips in southern Georgia during each season of the year. Vegetative treatments evaluated were: (i) 20 m grass-10 m forest, (ii) 10 m grass-20 m forest, and (iii) 10 m grass-20 m maidencane (Panicum hemitomon Schult.). During winter, spring, and summer vegetation type in riparian filterstrips did not affect survival of total and fecal coliform bacteria. Total and fecal coliform bacterial numbers were usually higher in the top 0 to 5 cm of soil than in the 5 to 15 and 15 to 30 cm soil depths in all treatments. Total and fecal coliform numbers in the 0 to 5, 5 to 15, and 15 to 30 cm depths declined approximately 10-fold every 7 to 14 d after waste application in all seasons of the year. At 90 to 120 d after waste application, total and fecal coliform numbers in the three soil depths did not differ from riparian filterstrips that did not have animal waste applied. Total coliform bacteria in the 0 to 5, 5 to 15, and 15 to 30 cm soil depths correlated with temperature and moisture in a curvilinear relationship (r2 = 0.80, 0.77, and 0.64, respectively). Fecal coliform bacteria in 0 to 5, 6 to 15, and 16 to 30 cm of soil also correlated with temperature and moisture in a curvilinear relationship (r2 = 0.56, 0.53, and 0.53, respectively).Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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