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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 29 No. 1, p. 251-261
     
    Received: Dec 9, 1998
    Published: Jan, 2000


    * Corresponding author(s): waddeje@tetratech-ffx.com
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doi:10.2134/jeq2000.00472425002900010032x

Irrigation- and Nitrogen-Management Impacts on Nitrate Leaching under Potato

  1. J. T. Waddell *,
  2. S. C. Gupta,
  3. J. F. Moncrief,
  4. C. J. Rosen and
  5. D. D. Steele
  1. Agricultural Engineering Dep., North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND 58105.

Abstract

Abstract

As potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) production increases in the North-Central Region of the USA, so does the potential for deep seepage of nitrogenous compounds into the ground water. The objectives of this 2-yr study were to determine how different irrigation schemes (sprinkler and drip), irrigation triggers (70 and 40% of the available soil water [AW] remaining), drip placement (at the soil surface or buried at 25-cm depth), and various N sources (urea, sulfur-coated urea [SCU], and turkey [Meleagris gallopavo] manure) and timings (three- vs. five-N splits) affect percolation and NO3 leaching. As expected, water percolation was generally higher from the sprinkler-irrigation than from the drip-irrigation treatments. Within the sprinkler irrigation, percolation was higher when irrigated at 70% than at 40% of AW remaining. Small but frequent irrigation in drip treatments helped reduce water percolation. Within irrigation treatments, 70% AW had the most N leaching, followed by 40% AW and the drip, the last two treatments being about the same. The trend in N leaching among fertilizer treatments was similar for various irrigation methods. Splitting N applications five times vs. three times reduced N leaching from unforeseen rains. Sulfur-coated urea reduced N leaching, whereas turkey manure-amended treatments showed no significant difference in N leaching compared with the urea-N treatment. In conclusion, alternatives such as 40% deficit irrigation, five-N application splits, drip irrigation, S-coated urea, and turkey manure not only reduce N leaching but also have a minimal impact on potato tuber yield and tuber quality.

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