Processes Governing Phosphorus Availability in Temperate Soils
- E. Frossard *,
- L. M. Condron,
- A. Oberson,
- S. Sinaj and
- J. C. Fardeau
Group of Plant Nutrition, Inst. of Plant Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich), CH-8315 Eschikon-Lindau, Switzerland; Soil, Plant, and Ecological Sciences Div., P.O. Box 84, Lincoln Univ., Canterbury, New Zealand; Soil Science, INRA, RD 10 (Route de Saint Cyr), F-78026 Versailles Cedex, France. Abstract
Phosphorus losses from agricultural soil to water bodies are mainly related to the excessive accumulation of available P in soil as a result of long-term inputs of fertilizer P. Since P is a nonrenewable resource, there is a need to develop agricultural systems based on maximum P use efficiency with minimal adverse environmental impacts. This requires detailed understanding of the processes that govern the availability of P in soil, and this paper reviews recent advances in this field. The first part of the review is dedicated to the understanding of processes governing inorganic P release from the solid phase to the soil solution and its measurement using two dynamic approaches: isotope exchange kinetics and desorption of inorganic P with an infinite sink. The second part deals with biologically driven processes. Improved understanding of the abiotic and biotic processes involved in P cycling and availability will be useful in the development of effective strategies to reduce P losses from agricultural soils, which will include matching crop needs with soil P release and the development of appropriate remediation techniques to reduce P availability in high P status soils.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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