My Account: Log In | Join | Renew
Search
Author
Title
Vol.
Issue
Year
1st Page

Abstract

 

This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 21 No. 3, p. 502-508
     
    Received: Apr 24, 1991
    Published: July, 1992


    * Corresponding author(s):
 View
 Download
 Alerts
 Permissions
 Share

doi:10.2134/jeq1992.00472425002100030032x

Physical and Chemical Properties of Potential Topsoil Substitutes in Kentucky Oil Shale Mining Reclamation

  1. Judith M. Hower,
  2. Richard I. Barnhisel * and
  3. T. C. Hopkins
  1. Kentucky Transportation Ctr., Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506.

Abstract

Abstract

Because the soils that frequently overlie eastern U.S. oil shale outcrops and near-surface deposits are relatively shallow, acidic, and infertile, use of topsoil substitutes and supplemental materials are anticipated to achieve satisfactory reclamation during surface mining. This study was conducted to determine the effects of weathering on selected overburden strata (the Borden and Bedford Shales) in terms of particle-size distribution, moisture retention character, reactivity, and macronutrient availability. Shale samples were subjected to 40 freeze/thaw cycles in the laboratory to simulate field conditions. Laboratory analyses of “weathered” shales indicate these materials could be used as effective topsoil substitutes in mine reclamation. Shale weathering produced a material in the fine earth fraction that approached residual soils in ability to retain moisture and have low lime requirements. Suggested P amendment of weathered overburden was 75 to 150 kg P ha−1. Availability of K in weathered overburden exceeded levels in native soils and because these values were generally very high, K amendment of overburden materials would not be needed. To confirm these findings in terms of vegetative cover and growth response, the establishment of field test plots is necessary.

Kentucky Agric. Exp. Stn. Article no. 91-3-61.

  Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.

Copyright © .