Long-Term Groundwater Quality Changes from a One-Time Surface Bromide Application
- L. B. Owens * and
- W. M. Edwards
The purpose of this experiment was to use a conservative tracer to study the impacts on groundwater quality of a one-time application of a water soluble chemical. Potassium bromide was applied at a rate of 168 kg Br−/ha to two 1.1-ha pasture watersheds in east-central Ohio. The watersheds had well-drained residual silt loam soils and with slopes of 12 to 25%. A nearly impermeable clay layer under the watersheds created a perched aquifer from which groundwater samples could be taken at developed springs. There were seasonal variations in Br− concentrations in the groundwater and the highest concentrations (9.2 mg/L maximum peak) occurred within 3 yr following the Br− application. Ten years following the Br− application, Br− concentration in the groundwater was still slightly above initial baseline levels. Even with a one-time application of a soluble chemical constituent on the surface of a small aquifer system, a multiyear impact was produced on the quality of groundwater.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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