Separation of Gaseous and Participate Dry Deposition of Sulfur at a Forest Edge in Denmark
- Claus Beier *
Throughfall deposition of SO2−4 and Na+ to a spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] forest edge in Denmark was measured during 1 yr. The deposition of both SO2−4 and Na* was highly elevated at the forest edge with Na+ showing the steepest gradient. Using Na+ as a model-substance for the deposition of particles and assuming that 6 to 24% of the SO2−4-deposition in throughfall inside the stand originated from particles, the relative contribution of particulate and gaseous S to the throughfall deposition at the forest edge could be estimated. The deposition of particulate S showed a strong dependence on the distance to the forest edge. Thus, particulate S contributed 25 to 100% of the net throughfall deposition under the front tree, whereas particulate S only contributed 6 to 24% inside the stand. The gaseous deposition showed a more moderate dependence on the forest edge and did not exceed the change in leaf area index.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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