Nitrate Leaching as Influenced by Water Application Level and Nitrification Inhibitors1
- D. R. Timmons2
The effects of water application level and nitrification inhibitors on NO3−-N leaching from a sandy loam soil were evaluated using soil columns and nonweighing field lysimeters. In soil columns (297 mm diam by 1.2 m deep) fertilized with 224 kg N ha−1, addition of the nitrification inhibitor nitrapyrin [2-chloro-6-(trichloromethyl)pyridine] reduced NO3−-N leaching losses by 51 and 30 kg ha−1, respectively, for the 12.7- and 38.1-mm weekly water application levels. Both nitrapyrin and Terrazole (5-Ethoxy-3-trichloromethyl-1,2,4-thiadiazole) (Olin Corp., Little Rock, Ark.) inhibitors were equally effective in reducing total NO3−-N leaching losses from soil columns after 100 d for the 38.1-mm water application level. The change in flow-weighted NO3−-N concentration due to use of nitrification inhibitors was about −0.4 to −1.0 mmol L−1.
Annual NO3−-N leaching losses measured at the 1.2-m depth in field lysimeters cropped with corn (Zea mays L.) over a 3-yr period averaged about 12 kg ha−1 less (7%) for nitrapyrin-coated urea. The results were not consistent since nitrapyrin reduced NO3−-N leaching during the growing season by 12 and 17% for 2 of the 3 yr and post season leaching by 35% for 1 yr. The change in flow-weighted NO3−-N concentration (3-yr avg) due to nitrapyrin was −0.4, −1.5, and +0.9 mmol L−1, respectively, for the growing season, post season, and preemergence periods. Nitrification inhibitors may help to minimize nonpoint-source pollution on sandy soil where supplemental irrigation is used by reducing and/or delaying NO3−-N leaching particularly during the growing season when N is utilized by plants.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
Copyright © . .