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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 11 No. 1, p. 146-151
     
    Received: June 12, 1980
    Published: Jan, 1982


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doi:10.2134/jeq1982.00472425001100010032x

A Contribution to Simplified Models of Field Solute Transport1

  1. C. W. Rose,
  2. F. W. Chichester,
  3. J. R. Williams and
  4. J. T. Ritchie2

Abstract

Abstract

Based on mass conservation of water and solute, general one-dimensional theory is given for predicting change in mean solute penetration or depth of solute peak (α) for solutes which undergo no processes other than convection, dispersion, and diffusion. Assuming a soil drains to a field capacity at which the volumetric water content is θf, the theory shows that dα/dt = q/θfc, where q is the volume flux density of solution past the depth, α.

For convenience of calculation, this theory is also cast in discontinuous form, allowing calculation of α for any known sequence of infiltration and evapotranspiration events where θfc is also known as a function of depth. This theory was applied to data from two different field experiments employing undisturbed and back-filled lysimeters, respectively. Predicted time of emergence in the percolate from the lysimeters of the solute peak resulting from fertilizers applied to the surface was compared with observation. Agreement between the two was obtained within the limits of experimental uncertainty.

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