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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 10 No. 3, p. 279-284
     
    Received: Jan 13, 1981
    Published: July, 1981


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doi:10.2134/jeq1981.00472425001000030005x

Vegetative Filter Treatment of Livestock Feedlot Runoff1

  1. Elbert C. Dickey and
  2. Dale H. Vanderholm2

Abstract

Abstract

Four vegetative filters were installed on feedlots in central and northern Illinois. Two configurations were used: channelized flow and overland flow. After settling for partial solids removal, runoff was applied directly to the filters and allowed to flow from the inlet to the outlet section. Results from measurement analyses and sampling of influent, effluent, and surface flow at intermediate points were reported.

Most runoff events were infiltrated completely, resulting in no filter discharge. Runoff from larger events was partially discharged. Filters removed as much as 95% of nutrients and oxygen-demanding materials from the applied runoff on a weight basis, and 80% on a concentration basis. Removal was directly related to flow distance or contact time with the filter. Channelized flow with greater flow depths required greater contact time or flow distance than shallow overland flow to achieve the same level of treatment.

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