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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 1 No. 3, p. 317-320
     
    Received: Sept 18, 1971
    Published: July, 1972


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doi:10.2134/jeq1972.00472425000100030026x

Arsenic Toxicity to Cotton and Soybeans1

  1. Lloyd E. Deuel and
  2. Alien R. Swoboda2

Abstract

Abstract

Arsenic toxicity levels for ‘Lankert’ cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and ‘Patterson’ soybeans (Glycine max L. merr.) were determined in a green house experiment using an Amarillo fine sandy loam and a Houston Black clay. The treatments ranged from 28 to 280 kg As/ha in the Amarillo soil and from 56 to 560 kg As/ha in the Houston Black soil. The vegetative cotton yields were significantly decreased below the checks at the 56 and 280 kg/ha rates of applied As in the Amarillo and Houston Black soils, respectively. Soybeans were found to be more sensitive to As than cotton. Vegetative soybean yields were significantly decreased at the applied rates of 28 kg As/ha in the Amarillo soil and 168 kg As/ha in the Houston Black soil. Yield limiting As concentrations in plant tissue were 4.4 ppm and greater in cotton, and 1 ppm and greater in soybeans. Water soluble As levels of 8 ppm in the Amarillo soil and 28 ppm in the Houston Black soil were required for a significant decrease in the vegetative growth of cotton. The water soluble As levels detrimental to soybeans were 3 and 12 ppm in the Amarillo and Houston Black soils, respectively.

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