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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 9 No. 6, p. 765-766
     
    Received: Apr 30, 1969
    Published: Nov, 1969


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1969.0011183X000900060028x

Tolerance of Cynodon Clones to Phytotoxemia Caused by the Two-lined Spittlebug1

  1. C. M. Taliaferro,
  2. D. B. Leuck and
  3. M. W. Stimmann2

Abstract

Abstract

A highly variable collection of 398 vegetatively propagated Cynodon accessions was screened for host-plant resistance to the two-lined spittlebug, Prosapia bicincta (Say). Clonal reaction to spittlebug attack ranged from slight to very severe injury at the end of 7 to 8-day test periods. Among the 398 clones, about 5% (19) were rated highly tolerant, 47% (189) intermediate in tolerance, and 48% (190) as very susceptible to spittlebug phytotoxemia. All of the clones could be severely injured by prolonged spittlebug infestation. The specific mode of action responsible for differential clonal response appears to be a tolerance mechanism which enables some genotypes to withstand the spittlebug toxin better than others. The wide range in clonal reaction to spittlebug attack, and the acceptable levels of tolerance found in these investigaions, offer hope that breeding methods can be used to increase the level of spittlebug resistance in bermudagrass.

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