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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 7 No. 6, p. 655-658
     
    Received: June 7, 1967
    Published: Nov, 1967


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1967.0011183X000700060029x

A Chemical and Structural Analysis of the Caryopsis of an Autotetraploid Corn (Zea mays L.)1

  1. J. E. Freeman,
  2. K. R. Yahl and
  3. S. A. Watson2

Abstract

Abstract

Caryopses of an experimental autotetraploid corn (Zea mays L.) were compared with caryopses of a commercial diploid single cross hybrid. The autotetraploid caryopses were about 25% larger than those of the diploid. The tetraploid had a high level of carotenoid pigments and a somewhat larger apparent average size of starch molecules. Otherwise, the two grains were remarkably similar. Protein, fat, and starch contents and relative proportions of germ, endosperm, and combined pericarp and tip cap fractions of the two grains were essentially identical. Wet milling properties of the tetraploid corn were normal. Solubility patterns of both unmodified endosperm protein and gluten protein were similar with the two grains. An estimated 60 to 75% of the salt soluble protein, 40% of the alkali soluble protein and 60 to 90% of the initially insoluble protein from sequential extraction of the endosperm was solubilized by steeping in dilute SO2. On the other hand, essentially none of the zein was solubilized by steeping.

Granule size, gelatinization temperature, swelling power and solubles, Brabender viscosity, Scott viscosity, fat content, and iodine affinity of the two starches were quite similar.

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